Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma is a type of mouth cancer. It accounts 90 percent of oral cancer cases. It occurs on the lip, soft palate, gums, tongue, and other areas of the oral cavity and grows intensely in the surrounding tissues.
It occurs when something wrong happens to the normal cell life cycle, causing squamous cell to reproduce and grow uncontrollably.
Risk factors include:
The symptoms may include tender wounds that don't heal, thickened skin or lump, a red or white patch, loose teeth, trouble swallowing or chewing, sore throat and swelling of the jaw. The sores in the mouth are often pale colored. They may also appear as a deep, tough crack in the tissue. They symptoms are normally painless in the start, however they may develop some burning sensations as the tumor grow.
The diagnosis can be done by 2 tests: tongue biopsy or gum biopsy. A doctor can also conduct a physical examination. X-rays and CT scans can be done to find out if it has spread to the surrounding tissues.
The main treatment options are:
The types of treatment to be administered always depend on the extent of infection. These treatments are normally used in combination. For instance, a radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be given after medical surgery to prevent it from recurring. It is curable when diagnosis is done early.
Most victims are older adults between 45-80 years of age. It also occur in younger adults, Human papilloma virus is the major caustic agent for the majority of cases that occur in younger people. This cancer is more common in men than in women. Perhaps, it is due to the fact that men consume more alcohol than men.
The most effective ways to reduce the chance of getting this cancer or to prevent reoccurring after treatment - are:
If suspicious symptoms appear in your mouth, it is important to schedule an appointment with a skilled doctor as early as possible. In some cases, it may be a yeast infection.